For example, anemia is commonly associated with a slow and chronic internal bleeding.
For example, anemia is commonly associated with a slow and chronic internal bleeding. It can cause fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath. Some people with internal bleeding also experience low blood pressure because of the constant blood loss. This is known as orthostatic hypotension. Common symptoms include feeling dizzy or lightheaded when you stand.
Likewise, diagnosing the cause may be easy if you were diagnosed with a condition that can lead to internal bleeding, such as gastroenteritis. However, not every case of internal bleeding is so clear-cut. Finding the source of an internal bleed may take some time and require a thorough physical examination.
Nontraumatic causes These can include: Damage to a blood vessel: Minor tears can occur with an injury. Not enough clotting factors: Some over-the-counter medicines, including aspirin, can damage the lining of your stomach. Chronic high blood pressure: High blood pressure weakens blood vessel walls. Weak walls can form aneurysms that can rupture and bleed.
Hemophilia is a genetic condition that prevents your blood from properly clotting. Bleeding in your abdomen or stomach may be caused by one of several GI conditions. Endometriosis is a condition where uterine tissue is growing outside of the uterus. The uterus will shed its lining and cause bleeding in a place where it cannot be seen, such as the pelvis.
Alcohol, smoking, and illicit drugs can irritate the lining of your stomach. Life-threatening causes These can include: You may experience internal bleeding without cutting your skin. Weak blood vessel walls can bulge and form pockets of blood.
A pregnancy outside the uterus can cause internal bleeding as the fetus grows. The condition can be life-threatening. Before a surgeon completes an operation, they make sure all the bleeding has stopped.
If they miss something, bleeding may continue even after the incision is closed. In some cases, this bleeding can be severe.
Diagnosing internal bleeding Diagnosing an internal bleed usually requires medical tests, a physical exam, and a thorough review of your medical history. Your doctor may use a variety of lab tests and imaging tools to both identify the cause of your internal bleeding and measure the severity.
And which tests to order may be obvious. If you had an accident and hurt your right leg, your doctor will order tests that look at your right leg. An X-ray can show the bones. A CT scan is an advanced X-ray that can see bones, tissues, and blood vessels. Angiography is an imaging test that can carefully examine individual blood vessels.
The first goal of treatment is to find the source of the bleeding and stop it. Some bleeding is minor and may stop on its own. Other cases are more severe and may require more invasive measures, including surgery.
Rest gives your body time to heal while it reabsorbs the blood and the inflammation decreases. Few other treatment techniques may be necessary for slow bleeds once the cause is identified and treated. However, some causes of internal bleeding need greater treatment.
Surgery may be necessary to stop the bleeding and clean out any pooled blood. The type of surgery you need depends on how severe the bleeding is, where the bleeding is, and your overall health.
After the bleeding stops, treatment will focus on repairing any damage caused by the bleeding and stabilizing your body. Outlook If internal bleeding is caught, diagnosed, and treated appropriately, the outlook is positive. Many people can make a full recovery. Additional treatments may be necessary to prevent a future bleed, but few lasting effects will remain. Bleeding in the brain may cause a stroke or long-term brain damage.
You may need physical, occupational, and speech therapy to relearn certain behaviors and activities. These therapies may also help prevent future tears or blood vessel damage.
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Internal bleeding Internal bleeding is the most common complication of stomach ulcers.