UNL Jazz Orchestra and UNL Big Band

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That term has now been accepted in the jazz tradition. It's possible that "band" originally referred to the military groups that jazz ensemble playing grew out of, and "orchestra" was seen to apply to a higher standard of musicianship.

Many times the contrabass clarinet will double with the bass clarinet part but played an octave lower since written parts for contrabass clarinet are rare. However, this practice has generally been discontinued with two alto saxophones almost always called for.

Alto tenor horns are especially common in Britain. However, in rare cases where a fourth part is required, either trombone 3 is a tenor and trombone 4 is a bass, or trombones 3 and 4 are both Bass. Scores will typically notate which one is preferred. Most of the time when a composer writes for "baritone", they are actually thinking of the larger-bore euphonium.

In that case the higher notes are to be played by the double bass, sounding an octave lower and therefore at the same pitch as the lower part. The type of percussion instruments used varies with the piece of music being played. Many percussion instruments from different cultures are used in a lot of contemporary concert band literature, especially in high school and college bands.

It will have its own staff. The String Bass part is sometimes replaced with an electric bass guitar part in certain contemporary band pieces. A high school concert band—BHS Band in performance, Instrumentation differs depending on the type of ensemble. Middle school and high school bands frequently have more limited instrumentation and fewer parts for example, no double reeds, or only two horn parts instead of four.

This is both to limit the difficulty for inexperienced players and because schools frequently do not have access to the less common instruments. The standard concert band will have several players on each part depending on available personnel and the preference of the conductor. A concert band can theoretically have as many as members from a set of only 35 parts. The wind ensemble, on the other hand, will have very little doubling, if any; commonly, clarinets or flutes may be doubled, especially to handle any divisi passages, and others will have one player per part, as dictated by the requirements of a specific composition.

Also, it is common to see two tubas playing the same part in a wind ensemble. Some people have observed that this distinction is antiquated and the terms "concert band," "wind ensemble," "wind symphony" and the like are now more or less interchangeable.

Complicated percussion parts are common in concert band pieces, often requiring many percussionists. Many believe this is a major difference between the orchestra which usually lacks a large battery of percussion and the concert band.

While in older transcriptions and concert works, the timpani were treated as its own section as in the orchestra, today, in bands, the timpani are considered part of the percussion section.

Consequently, the timpani player often will double on other percussion instruments. Contemporary compositions often call on players to use unusual instruments or effects.

For example, several pieces call on the use of a siren while others will ask players to play recorders , whirly tubes , or to sing, hum, snap, clap or even crinkle sheets of paper. The wind band's diverse instrumentation and large number of players makes it a very flexible ensemble, capable of producing a variety of sonic effects. Repertoire This section does not cite any sources.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. February Learn how and when to remove this template message Until early in the 20th century, there was little music written specifically for the wind band, which led to an extensive repertoire of pieces transcribed from orchestral works, or arranged from other sources.

However, as the wind band moved out of the sole domain of the military marching ensemble and into the concert hall, it has gained favor with composers, and now many works are being written specifically for the concert band and the wind ensemble. While today there are composers who write exclusively for band, it is worth noting that many composers famous for their work in other genres have given their talents to composition for wind bands as well. This is especially true in Japan, where an enormous market can be found for wind band compositions, which is largely due to commissions by the All-Japan Band Association and leading professional ensembles such as the Tokyo Kosei Wind Orchestra and Osaka Municipal Symphonic Band , as well as the Kappa Kappa Psi and Tau Beta Sigma Commissioning Program , the longest-running commissioning series for wind band in the United States.

Prominent composers for concert band Some of the most important names in establishing literature written specifically for concert band in the early and middle 20th century were:

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Many times the contrabass clarinet will double with the bass clarinet part but played an octave lower since written parts for contrabass clarinet are rare. However, this practice has generally been discontinued with two alto saxophones almost always called for.

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